Related to Amu Darya: Syr Darya. In ancient times it figured significantly in the history of Persia and in the campaigns of Alexander the Great. Length: km miles.
The glacier fed Amu Darya River is crucial to the livelihoods of the approximately 50 million people who live in its basin across six countries. The end of the Soviet Union saw the centrally administered basin collapse into a fragmented system, one still dominated by regional tensions over resource use and allocation amongst the six countries through which the Amu Darya River flows. Despite the strong interdependencies that tie the upstream countries of Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Afghanistan, and the downstream countries of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan, a lack of cooperation and trust is ever present.
As well known as it was in antiquity, the river nevertheless received but little attention in Europe until the reign of Peter I the Great, tsar of Russia. Though the first relatively authentic map of the river was made insystematic research in the region began only at the end of the 19th century. At the end of the s, a map of the entire Amu Darya basin was published in Tashkent.
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Warm season river flows in central Asia, which play an important role in local water resources and agriculture, are shown to be closely related to the regional-scale climate variability of the preceding cold season. The peak river flows occur in the warm season April—August and are highly correlated with the regional patterns of precipitation, moisture transport, and jet-level winds of the preceding cold season November—Marchdemonstrating the importance of regional-scale variability in determining the snowpack that eventually drives the rivers. This regional variability is, in turn, strongly linked to large-scale climate variability and tropical sea surface temperatures SSTswith the circulation anomalies influencing precipitation through changes in moisture transport.
To secure the supremacy of Russian power in Asia, the government elaborated a sophisticated strategy of economic integration and symbolic appropriation of the region. Both tasks suggested the development of an irrigational network, since water in arid Turkestan was the main track to power and prosperity. This paper analyzes imperial projects for the conquest of nature, including the utopian plans to reverse the Amu Darya river from the Aral Sea to the Caspian, authored by Grand Duke Nikolaj Konstantinovich Romanov and General A.
The Amu Darya is the largest river in Central Asia, with a catchment area of km2 and length km. It is a transboundary river shared by Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Most of the Amu Darya flow is formed on the territory of Tajikistan
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Up until the third quarter of the 20th century it was the world? The Soviet government decided in the s to divert those rivers so that they could irrigate the desert region surrounding the Sea in order to favor agriculture rather than supply the Aral Sea basin. The reason why we decided to explore the implications up to today of this human alteration of the environment is precisely that certain characteristics of the region, from its geography to its population growth, account for dramatic consequences since the canals have been dug.